Provincial Nominee Program (PNP): Immigration to Canada
Last Updated: 28 June 2021
The PNP program was introduced in 1996, 233 Provincial Nominations were admitted under this program, representing less than 0.2% of the total economic immigration. The PNP is now the second-largest economic immigration program of Canada for Permanent Residence.
PNP nomination allocations are determined by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) on an annual basis. The Provincial Nominee Program is a jointly administered program that provides provinces and territories with an opportunity to address their specific economic development needs while distributing the benefits of economic immigration across all provinces and territories.
Once nominated by a province, a nominee applies to IRCC for permanent residence, at which time the Department determines the client’s eligibility and admissibility based on federal admissibility standards. IRCC retains authority over the final selection decision.
What is PNP stream and why does this program exist?
Under the Canadian constitution immigration in Canada is a joint responsibility outlined in section 95 of the Constitution Act, 1867. Effective collaboration between the federal government and provinces and territories (PTs) is essential to the overall successful management of the country’s immigration program.
The Provincial Nominee Program is a jointly administered program that provides provinces and territories with an opportunity to address their specific economic development needs while distributing the benefits of economic immigration across all provinces and territories.
Each province or territory except, Quebec and the territory of Nunavut are responsible for the design, management of their respective PNP streams. Each of these provinces and or territories has its own streams and develop nomination criteria intended to assess the applicant’s ability to become economically
established and their intention to reside in the nominating province or territory.
Certain PNP streams are linked to Express Entry System. If you are approved by a province/territory to settle there, you score an additional 600 points under the Canada Express System Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) Score. Which eventually means you will be further invited to apply for permanent residence in Canada.
This program is for workers who:
- have the skills, education and work experience to contribute to the economy of a specific province or territory
- want to live in that province, and
- want to become permanent residents of Canada
- Each province and territory has its own “streams” (immigration programs that target certain groups) and requirements. For example, in a program stream, provinces and territories may target:
- business people
- skilled workers
- semi-skilled workers